- Estonian pension system
- I pillar
- II pillar
- III pillar
You can choose between three product groups:
The pension insurance with guaranteed interest is a classic savings insurance. A contract is concluded between the client and the insurance company, establishing the promised rate of return. The person will conclude a contract with an insurance company and will make contributions according to his or her possibilities. The investment risk is transferred to the insurer who will guarantee a certain minimum rate of return on the reserves for the client. If the investment results are good, the company may pay an additional interest to the client. By the end of the savings period, a sum is accrued, which will then be paid to the client according to the option established in the contract.
Increase of the value of these investments is a part of the profit of the client.
The second part of the client’s profit constitutes of the additional interest paid by the insurer from the yielded profit. As a rule, the additional interest will also be transferred to the insurance reserve.
The total sum of the pension or payments is the size of the insurance reserve accrued on the basis of the respective contract at the time of the expiry of the contract.
In essence these two products are very similar. These are financial products that have extensive options for dispersing investments, allowing a person to manage their pension and life insurance assets and to determine contributions of which size will be invested into certain funds or fixed instrument. During the contract period, the investments can also be re-allocated. The product has a higher level of risk and the revenue or the expenses yielded from the contributions depend on how the underlying assets of the contract are doing and the changes in their market value.
The pension insurance with investment risk is suitable for a person wishes to collect pension and choose the risk rate of the investment, the person has to be well-informed of the basic principles of investments. The contributions can be made as regular contributions or in a lump sum.
The sums paid into the contract will be associated with investment funds. There is no guarantee for yield, but through long term collection through funds, the yield can be higher than through pension insurance with guaranteed interest. The yield of the product depends on the success of the selected investment funds, which in turn depends on the movement of the securities markets. The total sum of pension or payments is the total sum of the fund units at the time of the expiry of the contract.
For those who are less interested in taking risks, a guarantee has been added to the products with investment risk, which will ensure maintaining of the contributed sums, but only if the contract is valid until the end of the insurance period. If the investments have lost even the majority of their value, the entire sum of contributions can be withdrawn at the moment of expiry of the contract, from which only the contractual fee is deducted.
The pension fund or a fund is a pool of money. Its owners are investors who have placed their money in the fund. The units of a fund are very liquid – they can be resold at any time. Resale or redemption of units is facilitated by the fund itself due to the fact that the fund always buys its units back.
When making contributions to the fund, the transaction is made with the requisite information foreseen in the find conditions to the account of the Estonian Central Securities Depository at the State Treasury.
With the payment of money into the fund, units of the pension fund are acquired. The purchased units are registered to the securities account at the Estonian Central Securities Depository. Units of other voluntary pension funds (or other securities) can be purchased for the same account. You can keep an eye on the status of your securities account through the internet in the e-Register web environment of the Estonian Central Securities Depository.
When accruing money into a pension fund, the level of risk is higher and the future interest is not known. Accruing money through funds allows earning more in a long-term perspective although there are no guarantees for the profitability. At the same time, several different insurance products or funds can be used simultaneously.
At the moment there are 10 supplementary pension funds registered in Estonia. In order to invest into a supplementary pension fund, a transfer must be made to the account of the Estonian Central Securities Depository. Purchasing units is as simple as making a regular bank transfer.
When investing, you should read carefully the terms and conditions of different products and strategies of different funds/insurance companies. Before concluding a contract, we recommend talking to specialist(s) of the field. Specialists who provide advice are available at all banks and insurance companies.
Read more: Contributions