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Parental pension

Since 1 January 2013, a pension supplement for raising a child is added to the old-age pension, pension for incapacity for work or survivor’s pension to:

  • one parent, spouse of a parent, guardian or foster parent for each child born during the period 31.12.1980-31.12.2012, whom they have been raising for at least eight years – a pension supplement in the value of two years of pensionable service,
  • one of the parents, spouse of a parent, guardian or foster parent who was born before 1 January 1983 and who has not subscribed to the mandatory funded pension (is not an obligated person within the meaning of the Funded Pensions Act) for each child born on 01.01.2013 or later and whom they have been raising for at least eight years – a pension supplement in the value of three years of pensionable service,

Since 1 January 2018, to one parent, spouse of a parent, guardian or foster parent for each child born before 01.01.2013, whom they have been raising for at least eight years – a pension supplement in the value of one year of pensionable service.

If several entitled persons have the right to apply for the pension supplement for one and the same child, the persons will agree on who will be using the right to the pension supplement. The agreement is expressed with a written agreement. If the persons fail to reach a mutual agreement, they must turn to the court in order to settle the dispute.
Persons who are already receiving two years of pensionable service do not have to enter into a new agreement and in 2015, they will receive the pension supplement in the value of a year of pensionable service without having to submit an agreement. If the other entitled person does not agree that the same person will receive also one year of pension supplement, he or she may submit an application on the basis of which the Estonian National Social Insurance Board will suspend payment of the pension supplement until an agreement is reached.
To receive parental pension contributions, an application has to be submitted to the Estonian National Social Insurance Board.

Read more: Parental pension from pillar II